Transport plays a vital role in economic development of a country. It facilitates the movement of goods and labour from one place to another place. The role of carriage is very important in the development of industry and commerce. In one hand, it helps to carry the raw materials and machines to the industry and on the other hand the raw materials and machines to the industry and on the other hand it carries the industrial and agricultural productions to the market. Thus, the carriage of goods from one to another within the country or from one country to another plays an important role in the commercial life modern world.
As being a necessary part of modern business, it is essential to regulate such business under legal framework. Therefore, every country of the world has made required legal framework to regulate carriage of goods. The goods are carried by land, sea or air, are considered as ht law of carriage. The contract of goods under the law of carriage plays very significant role for operating the business activities.
The Contract Act, 2000 has incorporated some provision about the carriage under Section 65 to 70. Section 656 is concerning to the definition and other Sections relating to the liabilities to the carrier. The Act has not made sufficient provisions for regulating the carriage. It has not classified the carrier as common and private. It does not mention about the goods carriage. In the addition to this Act, there are other Acts also relating in respect of carriage. More or less these all Acts also relating in respect of carriage. More or less these all the Acts have made some provisions for regulating it. The relevant Acts are given below:
1. The civil Aviation Act, 2015
2. The Internal Postal Act, 2019
3. The Necessary Services Discharging Act, 2014
4. The Nepal Airlines Corporation Act, 2019
5. The Railway Act, 2020
6. The Shipping Act. 2027
7. The Vehicle and Transport Management Act, 2049
8. The Multimodal Transportation of Goods Act, 2063